The federal states of Lower Austria (Niederösterreich) covering 31 350 hectares, Burgenland 15 650 hectares, and Styria 3 700 hectares are defined as main wine-growing areas in Austria.
The wine producing areas are located in the Eastern part of the country and form a crescent around the capital Vienna. The wine region forms a bridge between the cooler north and warmer south climate zones of Europe.
Austrian vineyards are mainly influenced by the warm, dry climate of the Pannonian plain, to the east. Further to the west the climate becomes extreme and cold with the Central Alps.
The main white varieties planted in Austria are Grüner Veltliner and Riesling, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc are also planted but are less significant. Blaufränkisch, Zweigelt, St Laurent, Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon are the red varieties and they are found in the warmer regions. Within these main wine growing areas there are also 16 other regions.